Site Network:


 

Curriculum Vitae

Claudio Tennie 

Tools and Culture among Early Hominins
Department for Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology
University of Tübingen
Burgsteige 11
72070 Tübingen 
Germany

 

 


 

 

 
 

 Education

 
 2015 Associate of the Higher Education Academy (HEA): successfully participated in “Foundation of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education” module, as part of the Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice.
 2009 Göttingen University, Germany - 20.11.2009
Ph.D. in Biology
"Human culture versus great ape traditions: Mechanisms of observational learning in human children and great apes"
Supervised by Prof. Michael Tomasello and Dr. Josep Call
Examined by Prof. Julia Fischer and Prof. Michael Waldmann
 2005 Central European University, Budapest, Hungary
Participation and presentation at CEU summer school
"Cultural Learning, Imitation, and Articraft Understanding: A Comparative Perspective"
 2003 University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany - 11.3.2003
Diploma thesis in Biology
 1999 - 2002 University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
Courses in behavioural ecology, social psychology, evolutionary psychology, ecology and biometrics
 1998 - 1999 University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Second and third year courses in ecology, ethology, biometrics and philosophy of science
 1996 - 1998 Philipps University, Marburg, Germany
Study of biology until “Vordiplom” exam

Professional Biography

 
 2017 - current
Junior Research Group Leader: "Tools and Culture among Early Hominins", Department for Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, University of Tübingen, Germany
 2013 - current Adjunct Scientist, Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, USA
 2012 - 2017
Research-focused Lecturer (Birmingham Fellow), University of Birmingham, UK
School of Psychology
 2009 - 2012 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Postdoctoral research fellow
 2006 - 2012 Carried out studies with chimpanzees in Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Uganda (4 trips, totalling 8 months) – plus field project in western Uganda in 2006
 2004 - 2009 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Ph.D.-student and zoo-labcoordinator at the Wolfgang Köhler Primate Research Centre
Ran several studies on all genera of great apes
 2003 - 2004 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Research Assistant
 2002 - 2003 University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
Diploma thesis on observational learning in all genera of great apes
(studies performed at the Wolfgang Köhler Primate Research Centre)
Professional services

 

 

2016

Internal examiner on PhD viva (Biosciences; University of Birmingham)
 
Co-organiser of “Cumulative Culture” conference in June 2016, University of Birmingham.
 
Co-organiser of workshop on “Zone of Latent Solutions” concept with Michael Haslam's ERC Research Group (Oxford), held at the University of Birmingham.
 
Invited participant for EPRSC workshop on the development of a new research scheme - "human-like computing", held in Bristol, UK.
2015 - 2016
Personal tutor for 24 students (year 1-3)
2014 - 2015
Personal tutor for 16 students (year 1-2)
2014 - ongoing
Budgeting and research supervision for ESRC Future Research Leader Grant ES/K008625/1
2009 - 2011
Organiser of speakers for regular fortnightly labmeetings
2005 - 2007
Established and managed research collaboration at the Tiergarten Nürnberg on dolphin cognition
2005 - 2006
Established and managed research collaboration at the Wilhelma (Stuttgart zoo) on gorilla cognition
2004 - 2009
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Half-time zoo-labcoordinator at the Wolfgang Köhler Primate Research Centre
 
Responsibilities included, but were not restricted to: supervision, coordination and organization of studies, research assistants, students and interns. General organisation and management of the WKPRC & administrative liaison between zoo and MPI management (weekly meetings).
2004 - 2008
Supervised and managed enrichment activities for the great apes housed at the WKPRC.
2003 - 2005
Organised speakers for fortnightly labmeetings
2003 - 2004
Organised the Animal Cognition Reading Group ("ACRG")

 Publications

 
  See "Publications" tab above

 Invited academic talks

 
 2016
Keynote talk presented at Chimpanzee in Context Symposium in August 2016, Chicago, USA.
Tennie: “Chimpanzee tool-use: cultural, but not culture-dependent”
 
Psychology Manchester Seminar Series, University of Manchester, UK.
Tennie: “Are chimpanzee tools cultural?” 
 
Abteilungskolloquium Ältere Urgeschichte, University of Tuebingen, Germany.
Tennie: “Mechanisms matter: cumulative culture requires high fidelity copying”
 2015
"The Origins and Transmission of Culture" conference at the University of Birmingham, UK.
Tennie: "Human culture: (still) alien to chimpanzee culture"
 
“Der Mensch, ein Tier? Das Tier, ein Mensch?“ 4. Wittener Kolloquium für Humanismus, Medizin und Philosophie at the University Witten/Herdecke, Germany.
Tennie: “Kulturleistungen bei Mensch und Menschenaffe: gradueller oder prinzipieller Unterschied?“
 2014
Biological Anthropology Summer Lectures at the University of Kent, UK.
Tennie: "Chimpanzees may not imitate because their cultures are not opaque"
 
Workshop “Coordination, Collaboration and Cooperation: Interdisciplinary Perspectives” – organised by Federica Amici and Luca Bietti at the MPI EVA in Leipzig, Germany. 
Jensen & Tennie: “Caring enough to help and share – a human distinction”
 2013
Madingley Seminar, University of Cambridge, UK.
Tennie: "Non-human great apes may not need the skill that it takes to develop cumulative culture"
 
Biological Anthropology Seminar Series at the University College London, London, UK
Tennie: "Chimpanzees’ social learning skills – implications for the evolution of cumulative culture"
 
Seminar series at the Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, USA
Tennie: "A critical view of great apes' spontaneous imitative skills"
 
Seminar series at the Centre for Research in Animal Behaviour, University of Exeter, UK.
Tennie: "What kind of culture do great apes have?"
 2012
NIH R25 Lecture Series at the The Michale E. Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA.
Tennie: "How much individual learning is involved in chimpanzee culture?"
 
"Brain & Behaviour" seminar at the University Bielefeld, Germany.
Tennie: "Culture does not explain the form – but the distribution – of wild great ape behaviour"
 2011
"The Nature of Culture Symposium“ organized by ROCEEH ("The role of culture in early expansions of humans" – project funded by the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences), in Tübingen, Germany.
Tennie, Braun & McPherron: “Cumulative culture – cognitive and social prerequisites and possible material outcomes“  
 
Seminar Series by the School of Psychology at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Tennie: “A latent solutions approach may explain great ape cultures in the wild”

 2010

“Anthropology and Ethology” Workshop. Lower Saxonian Department of Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Hannover, Germany.
Tennie: "An ape cognition perspective on early artefacts"
 
Anthropological Institute & Museum, University of Zürich, Switzerland.
Tennie: “The zone of latent solutions hypothesis”
 
Annual gathering of the Scottish Primate Research Group at The Burn in Glensk, Scotland.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: “Zones of latent solutions”
 2009 Cooperative Human Robot Interaction Systems (CHRIS) workshop, Leipzig, Germany.
Tennie: “An introduction into social learning”

Reputation management workshop, Arhus, Denmark.
Tennie: "Reputation in apes?"
 2008
Evolution, Development and Intentional Control of Imitation (EDICI) workshop, Vienna, Austria.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: “Cumulative culture: task difficulty and action copying”
 2006
Biology department, University of Marburg, Germany.
Tennie: “Culture in apes?”

Primatology department, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.
Tennie, Hedwig, Call & Tomasello: “Nettle eating revisited”

 Academic Talks

 
 2016
Talk to be presented at Joint meeting of the International Primatological Society and the American Society of Primatologists in August 2016, Chicago, USA.
Tennie: “Do apes copy, or do they reinvent?”
 
6th BCCCD meeting at the CEU - Budapest, Hungary.
Clay, Reindl and Tennie: “The social transmission of culture – developmental and comparative perspectives” (Part of a symposium on the origins and development of cumulative culture organized by Zanna Clay, Eva Reindl & Claudio Tennie)
 
Social cognition and neuroscience (SCoNe) seminar, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham.
Tennie: "How redundant copying can help explain the stability of cumulative culture"
 2015
Göttinger Freilandtage at the German Primate Centre, Göttingen, Germany.
Tennie, van Leeuwen & Acerbi: “What is conformity? An individual based model approach”
 
ASAB Winter Conference, London, UK.
Tennie & Acerbi: “The neglected factor of cultural stabilization: Redundant copying”
 2014
XXV International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Hanoi, Vietnam. 
Tennie, Hopper & van Schaik: "Ratcheting up the Zone of Latent Solutions: update and response to criticisms” (Part of a symposium on primate copying organized by Lydia Hopper and Claudio Tennie)
 2013
Behavior 2013 (Joint IEC and ASAB meeting), Newcastle, United Kingdom.
Tennie: "Cumulative technology in great apes & symposium summary" (Part of a symposium on primate cognition organized by Julia Fischer and Claudio Tennie)
 
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham. School’s Research Event 2013.
Tennie: “Why Chimpanzees did not go to the moon”
 
Experimental Psychology Society Meeting in Lancaster, UK.
Tennie, Vonau, Hanus, Call & Tomasello: "Observational causal learning in chimpanzees"
 
13th Conference of the Gesellschaft für Primatologie (GfP) at the University of Hamburg, Germany.
Tennie: "Culture and its role in the distribution and shape of great ape behaviour"
 2012
European Human Behaviour and Evolution (EHBE) annual meeting at Durham University, UK.
Tennie: "Culture explains the distribution – but not the form – of great ape behaviour"
 
XXIV International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Cancun, Mexico.
Tennie, Jensen & Call: "Helpful behaviour in chimpanzees?"
 2011
Meeting of the German Psychological Society (DGP) – Developmental Section, Erfurt, Germany.
Tennie: “Menschenaffenkulturen und ihre Beziehung zur menschlichen Kultur“
 2010
XXII International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Kyoto, Japan.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Ape traditions: using latent solution experiments to determine underlying learning mechanisms" (Part of a symposium on cumulative culture organized by Christine Caldwell and Claudio Tennie)
 2008 XXII International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "An Improved study on action/gesture copying in chimpanzees"
 2007 2nd Congress of the European Federation for Primatology (EFP), Prague, Czech Republic.
Tennie & Call: "Social learning of tool-making in great apes and human children: the loop study."

Symposium der Ethologischen Gesellschaft (EG e.V.), Grünau, Austria.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello. “An experimental study on social learning of complex problem solving: the floating peanut task”
 2006 XXI International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Entebbe, Uganda.
Tennie, Hedwig, Call & Tomasello: "Nettle eating in mountain gorillas - revisited."
 2005 Animal learning conference, St. Andrews, United Kingdom.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "The ghosts in the fruits."

Central European University, Budapest, Hungary. Summer school.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "The battery of social learning tasks".

 Posters

 
 2016
IPS conference in Chicago, USA.
Bandini & Tennie: “Long-Tailed Macaques Failed to Spontaneously Invent a Tool-Use Behaviour” 
 
’How and when does Cumulative Culture emerge?’ conference at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. 
Bandini & Tennie: “Is primate tool-use socially or individually learnt?”
 2015
Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour (ASAB) winter meeting, London, UK.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly & Tennie: “Young children’s ability to copy cumulative culture in aconstruction task” 
 
European Society for the study of Human Evolution (ESHE), London, UK.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly & Tennie: “Young children copy cumulative culture in a construction task” 
 
“Social Cognition: From evolution to disorders” Conference, Bangor University, UK.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly & Tennie: “Young children copy cumulative culture in a construction task” 
 
“The nature and origins of human cognition” Conference, Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Berlin, Germany.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly & Tennie: “Young children copy cumulative culture in a construction   task”
 
Budapest CEU Conference on Cognitive Development (BCCCD), Budapest, HU.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly, & Tennie: “On the spontaneous ability of humans to use and make great ape tools”
 
Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), Philadelphia, USA.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly, & Tennie: “Young children spontaneously use great ape ‘cultural’ tools”
 
Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour Easter Conference (ASAB), Durham, UK.
Bandini, Beck & Tennie: 'Is Algae Scooping Within Chimpanzees ZLS?'
 
ESHE conference at The British Museum in London, London, UK.
Bandini & Tennie: “Algae Scooping by Captive Chimpanzees” 
 
‘The Origins and Transmission of Culture’ conference at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
Bandini & Tennie: “The role of social learning in primate behaviour” 
 
University of Birmingham’s yearly research event, Birmingham, UK.
Bandini & Tennie: “Naïve chimpanzees spontaneously reinvent wild behaviour” [Awarded ‘Best Poster’ prize].
 2014
Social Cognition Conference, University of Surrey, UK.
&
Vision leads to Action Conference, University of Birmingham, UK.
&
Primate Society Great Britain (PSGB) winter meeting, Birmingham, UK
Reindl, Beck, Apperly, & Tennie: “On the spontaneous ability of humans to use and make great ape tools”
 2012
XXIV International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Cancun, Mexico.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Limited action copying in chimpanzees"
 
XXIV International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Cancun, Mexico.
Allritz, Tennie & Call: "Food washing in great apes"
 2011
2nd Transfer-of-Knowledge conference (CompCog), Prague, Czech Republic.
Menzel, Fowler, Tennie & Call: "Leaf swallowing behaviour in captive great apes"
 2009 European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association, St. Andrews, United Kingdom.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Great ape traditions & zones of latent solutions"
 2008 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. Evaluation.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Do gorillas acquire nettle feeding techniques via program-level-imitation (PLI)?"
 2004 XX International Primatological Society (IPS) Congress, Torino, Italy.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Imitation vs. emulation in great apes"
 2003 Gesellschaft für Primatologie (GfP), Leipzig, Germany.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Do great apes benefit from a demonstrator in a simple social learning task?"

Second International Symposium on Imitation in Animals and Artifacts, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom.
Tennie, Call & Tomasello: "Push or pull revisited: How do great apes perform?"

Teaching and supervision

 
 2016 - 2017
Final year module lead: “Cultural Evolution and Cognition” at the University of Birmingham, UK (20 credits module). 
 
Guest lecture for Clinical Science Bachelor of Medical Science - Intercalated Degree Course at the University of Birmingham, UK.
Tennie: "The evolution of culture" 
 
Supervision of one MSc student for final thesis
 2015 - 2016
Start of Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship for Zanna Clay in my research group (2015-2017)
 
MSc Module lead (together with Robin Thompson): "Transferable Skills" at the University of Birmingham, UK (10 credit module).
 
Successfully participated in “Foundation of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education” Module, as part of the Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice
 
Guest lecture for interdisciplinary course for Masters and PhD Students in the Departments of Biology and History and Sociology: "Nature and Culture as False Dichotomy" at the University of Konstanz, Germany.
Tennie: "Ape culture vs. human culture"
 
Main supervisor for four third year students and co-supervision of two additional third year students.
 
Co-supervision of two MSc students.
 2014 - 2015
MSc Module lead (together with Robin Thompson): "Transferable Skills" at the University of Birmingham, UK (10 credits module).
 
Guest lecture for Clinical Science Bachelor of Medical Science - Intercalated Degree Course at the University of Birmingham, UK.
Tennie: "The evolution of culture"
 
Guest lecture for students at Bristol Zoological Society, Bristol, UK.
 
Guest lecture for final year module by Sarah Beck on higher cognitive functions at the University of Birmingham. Tennie: “Great ape cultures”
 
Main supervisor for three third year student projects.
 
Main supervisor of two masters student projects.
 2013 - ongoing
PhD supervision:
Eva Reindl (2013-ongoing)
Elisa Bandini (2014-ongoing)
Damien Neadle (2016-ongoing)
 2013
Leucorea, Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Germany. Lecturer at seven day summer school Tier im Menschen – Mensch im Tier
 
Guest lecture for students at Bristol Zoological Society, Bristol, UK.
 
Second supervisor for one MSc project.
 2012 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Co-teaching for the lecture series Origins of Human Cognition, Language, and Languages. 
 2010 FU Berlin. Visiting lecturer: "Animal Culture?" Animal Behaviour course by Prof. Constance Scharff
 2009 & 2011 University of Magdeburg. Visiting lecturer: "Primate communication & observational learning". Course by Dr. Jochen Braun.
 2004 - 2009 Supervision of research assistants, organization and coordination of several studies, and guiding tours at the WKPRC (as part of labcoordinator position).
 2005 - 2007 Overseeing and organising research at the Tiergarten Nürnberg on dolphin cognition
(work performed by Alenka Hribar)
 2003 - 2013
Co-supervision of diploma theses:

Kathrin Greve (2004-2005); Heinz Gretscher (2005-2006); Daniela Hedwig (2006-2007); Nadja Miosga (2009-2010); Claudia Menzel (2010-2011); Matthias Allritz (2010-2011); Victoria Walter (2010-2011); Victoria Vonau (2012-2013)
 
 2002 - 2003 University of Leipzig: Lecturer for the undergraduate course “Evolutionäre Aspekte menschlichen Verhaltens” (~ “Evolution and Human Behaviour”). Co-taught with Tobias Grossmann.
 2000 - 2001
University of Bielefeld, Faculty of Biology
Teaching Assistant for an undergraduate behavioural ecology courses
   
 Outreach  
 2016
Engaging with Zoos to promote wild-type behaviour in captivity.
 
Speaker at Pint of Science event in Birmingham, UK.
Tennie: "The truth about chimps: do they really lend a helping hand?"
 2015
Speaker at Café Scientifique event in Birmingham, UK.
Tennie: “Animal and human culture” 
 
Speaker at “Skeptics in the Pub” event in Birmingham, UK.
Tennie: “The chimpanzee guide to competition and cooperation”
 2014
Participated in interactive ‘Meet the Scientist’ activity day at ThinkTank Birmingham museum with an exhibit on Child Development.
 
Speaker at Café Scientifique event at Narziss und Goldmund Café in Halle, Germany.
 
Poster at ESRC Festival of Social Science Central Library of Birmingham, UK.
Reindl, Beck, Apperly, & Tennie: “The ability to spontaneously use simple tools: Humans and great apes compared”
 
British Science Festival 2014. Participated in interactive stage show “People vs Larry Chimp” as an invited witness – the show involved putting a (hypothetical) chimpanzee on trial for murder with the audience acting as jury. At the Barber Institute Lecture Theatre, Birmingham, UK.
 2010
Public lecture series ("Cognition research") at the Zoological Museum Hamburg, Germany.
Tennie: "Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen den Kulturen von Affen und Menschen?“ ["Are ape and human cultures different?”]
 
Public lecture series for a special exhibition ("Ancient Elephants") at the Regional Museum of Prehistory, Halle, Germany.
Tennie: "Kultur bei Menschenaffen - neue Befunde, Theorien und Implikationen“ ["Culture in apes – new findings, theories and implications”]
   
 Media presence
 
 In English

Podcasts and Blogs: Podcast for University of Birmingham website (via Ideas Lab); EvoAnth; MentalFloss, Cognition & Culture Blog etc.

Newspapers and magazines, incl. online: The Guardian; DailyMail; Daily Mail Online; International Business Times UK; New Yorker; New Scientist; Scientific American - also here; Phys.org; IFLS; Los Angeles Times; TopNews; American Scientist; The Express; Yahoo News; Global Times (China) etc.

Radio/TV: PBS ("Human Spark" - hosted by Alan Alda); CBC Radio; BBC Radio Scotland; BBC World Service

 Other languages

Radio: Deutschlandfunk; NDR; SWR; MDR Figaro

Newspapers and magazines; incl. online: ABC; El Mundo; Le Scienze; ZEIT Online; Die Welt; Hamburger Abendblatt; Koelner Stadtanzeiger; NZZ; Focus online; der Standard; Spektrum; VBio; de Volkskrant; Asia News; Frankfurter Rundschau; Nature (Asia) etc.

TV: MDR (Echt Magazin)

 Grants & Awards

 
 2017 - 2022 ERC Starting Grant - “STONECULT” project (€1,500,000)
 2017 - 2019 
PI for SNSF mobility fellowship with Fellow Dr. Sofia Forss (€65,000)
 2016 - 2019 ESRC PhD studentship awarded to Damien Neadle; with Claudio Tennie as lead supervisor (£60,356)
 2015 - 2016 CoI for NERC Innovation Project Grant NE/M021300/1 "An Enclosure Design Tool to enable zoos to create integrated, wild-type enclosures for great apes" (£122,000)
 2015 - 2017 PI for Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship "GESTRANSCULT" with Fellow Dr. Zanna Clay (£221,000)
 2013 - 2016 PI for ESRC Future Research Leader Grant ES/K008625/1 "Is cumulative culture restricted to modern humans?" (£241,000)
 2013 - 2016 College of Life and Environmental Sciences (University of Birmingham) PhD studentship awarded to Eva Reindl; with Claudio Tennie as lead supervisor (£54,000). In 2016 Eva Reindl was awarded the Michael K. O'Rourke Award for the best PhD publication for the College of Life and Environmental Sciences at the University of Birmingham.
 2013 Collaboration visit to Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago - covered by University of Birmingham Transatlantic Collaboration Fund (£900)
 2012 - 2017 University of Birmingham Research Fellowship (open competition with only 2% success rate; £301,000)
 2012 - 2014 AAAS/Science Program for Excellence in Science recipient
 2010 Klaus Tschira Award for achievements in public understanding of science (Biology)  
 2009 - 2011 Post-Doc grant from Max Planck Society  

 Editor

   
2014 -
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Associate Editor)
 
2013 - 2014 PLoS ONE  

Grant Reviews

   
 
BBSRC
ERC
Leakey Foundation
 

 Manuscript Reviews

   
 
Animal Behaviour; Animal Cognition; Aquatic Mammals; Behaviour; Behavioural Processes; Behavioral Sciences; Biology and Philosophy; Cerebral Cortex; Cognitive Science; Current Anthropology; Developmental Psychology; Evolution and Human Behavior; Folia Primatologica; Human Nature; Infant and Child Development; Journal of Comparative Psychology; Journal of Experimental Child Psychology; Nature; Nature Communications; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences; Psychological Science; PLOS ONE; PNAS; Proceedings of the Royal Society: B Series; Scientific Reports
 

 Memberships

   
 
European Human Behaviour & Evolution Association (EHBEA)
European Society for the Study of Human Evolution (ESHE, until and including 2017)
Experimental Psychology Society (EPS)
Gesellschaft für Primatologie (GfP)
International Primatological Society (IPS - lifelong member)
Primate Society of Great Britain (PSGB)
Society for the Study of Cultural Evolution (SSCE)
 

 

                                                                 Visitors: